The Raid on Pebble Island

Pebble Island lies to the north of West Falkland and in 1982, its 25 inhabitants were mainly involved with tending 25,000 sheep. Its small airstrip was subject to a daring raid by the SAS.

It did have an airstrip, though, or more accurately, four, three of grass, and the other on the beach. On the 24th of April, Naval Air Station Calderon (as it was called) was established there. The sheep shearing sheds and other buildings were taken over and a Skyvan from Stanley Airport was used to bring in personnel and stores.

In what was typical of the period, the naval and air force elements of the Argentine armed forces disagreed with each other so the FAA went to Goose Green and the naval force, stayed at Pebble Island.

T-34C Pebble Island

Interestingly, they also considered San Carlos as a secondary airstrip location. The airstrip had one runway at 600m long and two at 400m.

To protect the airstrip, 1 Platoon (H Company, 3rd Marine Infantry Battalion), arrived a few days later and the small Falklands Islands Government ship Forrester was used to bring in fuel, ammunition and other supplies. Over the next few days, a squadron of T-34C Mentor’s arrived. In total, there was approximately 150 Argentine personnel at the airstrip.

After the attacks on Goose Green on May 1st, the Air Force Pucara’s were transferred to Pebble Island although a few days later the runway was waterlogged by heavy rain. After a heavy frost on the 7th, the T-34’s conducted an armed recce patrol.

More followed, although poor weather and the conditions of the runway would hamper operations.

This activity and the establishment of Naval Air Station Calderon was not unnoticed by the British forces and so plans were made to deal with it.

D Squadron 22 SAS were to be the means of ‘dealing with it’

After rejecting insertion by Gemini, a combination of Klepper canoes and helicopter were used. An 8 man troop were dropped off at Purvis Bay and paddled to Deep Ferny Valley to lay up and observe the airstrip.

If the sea was too rough to paddle safely, we had an alternative dropoff point. The sea was very rough, so we used this one. We dismantled the canoes and manpacked them over to Deep Ferny Valley. The original plan was to establish the observation post on the same night we arrived. However, by the time we had dismantled the canoes, humped them over to Deep Ferny Valley, with our own personal kit needed two journeys. We were quickly running out of darkness. So, we all lay up in Deep Fern Valley during the daylight of the 12th and having not established observation onto Pebble Island, we were a day behind. But, as it worked out, it didn’t matter. On the night 12/13 May, we all moved to an OP position from which we could observe the east end of Pebble Island, in particular we watched the area around Phillips Cove, which was our intended point. (Ramsey, SAS: The Soldier’s Story)

The personnel at observation point crawled forward and noted that there was eleven aircraft present. After some communication problems, the good news was relayed to the waiting force on HMS Hermes.


Pebble Island (Elite Forces Operations Series) (Paperback)


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HMS Hermes was detached along with HMS Glamorgan and HMS Broadsword. The SAS and personnel from 148 (Meiktila) Commando Forward Observation Battery made for a raiding force totalling 45 and were loaded aboard four 846 NAS Sea Kings for the flight into the assembly point at Phillips Cove.

HMS Glamorgan fired on the western edge of the runway to provide a diversion and draw in Argentine forces. Shortly after, the main attack commenced;

Then our own mortar opened up, lighting the whole place up like it was a bright daylight. The mortar man was having a lot of trouble. Every time he fired the bloody thing, the whack kicking the base plate further into the ground. There was virtually no enemy fire on us, so the boys got stuck into the planes. They split into seven two-man teams. It was a bloody big trip and they had a lot of ground to cover. It’s not as if the planes were all parked in a neat row. They were all over the strip. And all the time the boys were running against the clock. Five planes were destroyed using the explosive charges that they had with them. The Pucara was the tallest of the aircraft. As they approached each plane, one bloke would give the other a leg up on to the wing. Once up, he then leaned down and hauled the other one up to join him. The Skyvan was not a problem. The Mentors were very small, and with one great leap, the guys got themselves on the wings. (Ramsey, SAS: The Soldier’s Story)

Aircraft had cables ripped out and fuel tanks punctured with small arms fire and grenades. It was all over by 03:35 and the SAS teams withdrew to their waiting helicopters, the job well done.

Six Pucara, four T-34C and one Skyvan were damaged or destroyed.

On May 19th, the airstrip was attacked by Harrier and again by three Harrier GR.3’s on the 23rd of May. On the 5th of June, an armed recce sortie discovered what were thought to be two new Pucara’s at Pebble Island, an attack followed. These aircraft were not new and were not serviceable.

By the 23rd, 300m of repaired runway was available.

On the 28th of May, a Twin Otter evacuated wounded personnel and on the 1st of June, two Sea Kings ((2-H-233 and 2-H-234) evacuated other naval personnel back to the mainland.

The airstrip personnel were evacuated to Port Stanley on the 14th of July.




Pebble Island is still used, as is the sand strip at Elephant Beach

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Andrew

Thank you for this educational summary of the events occurring on Pebble Island during the Falklands War.
The details on Argentinian operations were particularly interesting.
A sincere thank you.
As an aside, I’ve often wondered why the British, after the raid, simply didn’t take over Pebble Island, fortify it with Rapier and then based V/Stol aircraft there, instead of wasting time and fuel due to being carrier bound, until they eventually used San Carlos as a forward base.
Perhaps even British land based aircraft could have operated out of Pebble Island, such as Phantom’s, with some work?.

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