What goes around comes around – I have a book on Hybrid Warships (http://www.amazon.co.uk/The-Hybrid-Warship-Amalgamation-Aircraft/dp/1557503745) which is full of designs on this theme, published in 1991. The idea of proper fighty ships with their own flightdeck goes back almost to the Dreadnoughts though. The strange aberration was the last Invincible class – named ‘through-deck cruisers’ rather than aircraft carriers, but fitted with almost no weapons – no guns, no anti-ship capability, no ship-mounted ASW, just Sea Dart for self protection. Which bit was a cruiser then? The Hybrid Warship book is quite interesting though. Lots of explanation of engineering consequences of design choices. And lots of big grey ships with proper gun turrets containing multiple big guns, just like warships are supposed to have.