A regular round-up of defence related Parliamentary Answers
- Transport to Work
- Education and Training
- Territorial Army
- Training and Equipment: Reservists
- Armed Forces Parliamentary Scheme
- Post-conflict Peace Building
- Armoured Regiments
- Middle East
- Troop Numbers: Afghanistan
- Armed Forces: Injuries
- Joint Strike Fighter Aircraft
- Military Aircraft
- Nuclear Submarines
- RAF Lyneham
- Reserve Forces
- Reserve Forces: Cardiff
- Reserve Forces: Wales
- Type 26 Frigates
- Written Questions
- Armed Forces Parliamentary Scheme
- Armed Forces: Carbon Emissions
- Armed Forces: Deployment
- Armed Forces: Lone Parents
- Armed Forces: Sexual Offences
- BAE Systems
- Defence: Procurement
- Military Aircraft: Helicopters
- Military Intelligence
- Military Intelligence
- Patrol Craft
- Reserve Forces: Cardiff
- Reserve Forces: Pay
- Unmanned Air Vehicles
- Veterans: Suicide
- European Fighter Aircraft
- Joint Strike Fighter Aircraft
- Armed Forces: Carbon Emissions
- Armed Forces: Sexual Offences
- Armed Forces: Travel
- Armoured Fighting Vehicles
- Chemicals: Exports
- HMS Dragon
- Military Bases: Germany
- RAF Akrotiri
- Territorial Army
- Armed Forces Parliamentary Scheme
- Defence: Procurement
- Military Exercises
- RAF Northolt
- Reserve Forces
- Carbon Emissions
- Armed Forces Parliamentary Scheme
- Armed Forces: Housing
- Armed Forces: Recruitment
- Middle East
- Military Bases: Germany
- Military Exercises
- War Memorials
- Carbon Emissions
- Armed Forces
- Armoured Fighting Vehicles
- Children: Maintenance
- Conditions of Employment
- Military Exercises
- Public Expenditure
- Reserve Forces: Recruitment
- Armed Forces Parliamentary Scheme
- Armed Forces: Cadets
- Armed Forces: Pay
- Armoured Fighting Vehicles
- Defence: Procurement
- RAF Akrotiri
- Reserve Forces: Cardiff
- Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
- DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER
- Defence: Procurement
- Defence: Research
- Defence: USA
- Reserve Forces: West Sussex
- Armed Forces: Domestic Violence
- Armed Forces: Housing
- Armed Forces: Sexual Offences
- Arms Trade
- Defence: Procurement
- Disclosure of Information
- Members: Correspondence
- Share this:
Transport to Work
18. Caroline Dinenage: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what steps his Department is taking to encourage the use of environmentally friendly and cost-effective forms of transport by service personnel travelling to work. 
Mr Francois: Although service personnel are free to choose whatever method of travel to work they see fit, the Department has various policies in place to encourage environmentally friendly and cost effective travel. These include travel warrants for use on public transport, the provision of free departmental transport and home to duty allowance for using a bicycle.
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Education and Training
Mr Mark Francois: The outstanding reputation of our armed forces is due in no small part to the standard of training they receive. This training prepares personnel for their operational role and therefore lies at the core of what we do. We remain one of the largest providers of apprenticeships in the UK, and offer training and education opportunities that develop our people within their armed forces career, and make them highly employable when they choose to make the transition to civilian life.
Mr Robathan: The Secretary of State for Defence, my right hon. Friend the Member for Runnymede and Weybridge (Mr Hammond), announced on 3 July 2013, Official Report, columns 49-53WS, the Government’s commitment to our reservists, including those serving in the Army. He confirmed our clear intent to deliver a challenging and rewarding experience for the Reserves, combined with an enhanced remuneration and support package.
The Territorial Army is to be renamed “the Army Reserve” to better reflect their future role as part of an integrated whole force and we are growing their trained strength from 19,000 to 30,000 as we implement the Army 2020 construct. In so doing, the Army Reserve will be restructured and rebalanced to enable it to deliver the roles required of it in the future and increase the capability of the integrated force.
This is a generational opportunity to revitalise the Reserves. The new offer to potential reservists and employers is in place, and the conditions are now set for a sustained recruitment campaign to build the numbers we need. In support of this, we are investing £1.8 billion in equipping our Reserves with access to modem equipment and better training.
Training and Equipment: Reservists
Mr Robathan: Reserves make an essential contribution to national security. In future their contribution to our defence capability will increase as they become an integrated part of the whole force required for almost all operations, both at home and abroad. The additional £1.8 billion will be used to increase and develop the trained strength of the reserves and to enhance their capability. It will be spent to increase recruiting and improve retention, to enhance training at all levels, and to provide more and better equipment. This investment has already begun
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and will enable the Reserve Forces of all three services to play greater roles as integral elements of the whole force.
Armed Forces Parliamentary Scheme
Dr Murrison: The Armed Forces Parliamentary Scheme has offered parliamentarians a valuable insight into the work and lives of our Armed Forces for more than 25 years, and the charitable governance framework recently agreed with the scheme’s stakeholders provides the basis to ensure its long-term sustainability in today’s world in which the public rightly demands full transparency and accountability for all organisations interfacing with Parliament, especially those with commercial funding arrangements. I pay tribute to Sir Neil Thorne, the scheme’s author and director, congratulate my hon. Friend for becoming Chairman of the new scheme, and assure him that the Ministry of Defence will work with the new Board of Trustees to ensure the scheme’s continued success.
Post-conflict Peace Building
24. John Mann: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what training his Department provides to enable service and ex-service personnel to assist in post-conflict peace building with (a) injured and (b) other former combatants. 
Mr Francois: Primary responsibility for stabilisation across Government rests with the Stabilisation Unit, an integrated civil-military tri-departmental unit funded by the MOD, the FCO and DFID. The Stabilisation Unit is also responsible for managing the Civilian Stabilisation Group, a database of deployable civilian experts and civil servants, which includes ex-service personnel in a range of specialisations. Responsibility for training personnel who will participate in post-conflict stabilisation activities rests primarily with the Stabilisation Unit. I am unaware of any training that exists specifically along the lines of the hon. Member’s question.
Mr Robathan: Under the Army 2020 structure, six armoured regiments will form an integral part of the three Reaction Force Brigades and will come under the command of the 3rd (UK) Division based in Bulford as follows:
Household Cavalry Regiment (Windsor)
The Royal Dragoon Guards (Catterick)
The Queen’s Royal Hussars (The Queen’s Own & Royal Irish) (Tidworth)
The Royal Lancers (Catterick)
The King’s Royal Hussars (Tidworth)
The Royal Tank Regiment (Tidworth)
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Armoured regiments will also have a role to play in the Adaptable Force Brigades and will continue to provide a valuable and powerful capability for the Army of the future under the command of 1st (UK) Division based in York. The three armoured regiments assigned to the Adaptable Force are:
1st The Queen’s Dragoon Guards (Swanton Morley)
The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers and Greys) (Leuchars)
The Light Dragoons (Catterick)
Troop Numbers: Afghanistan
Armed Forces: Injuries
Mr Kevan Jones: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence with reference to the Statement by the Chancellor of the Exchequer of 26 June 2013, on Spending Review, what proportion of the money accrued through the implementation of fines relating to the Libor interest rate fixing scandal will be used for injured personnel. 
Mr Philip Hammond [holding answer 1 July 2013]: The LIBOR funding announced in the 2013 Spending Round is in addition to the £35 million in LIBOR fines already being used to support the Armed Forces Covenant. How this new funding will be allocated between different elements of the covenant has yet to be determined. Proposals will be submitted to the Ministry of Defence’s Armed Forces Covenant Team for consideration and agreement by the Covenant Reference Group, which reports to the Minister for Government Policy, my right hon. Friend the Member for West Dorset (Mr Letwin).
Dan Jarvis: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many former members of the armed forces who have seen active service have been diagnosed with (a) traumatic brain injury and (b) post concussion syndrome. 
Mr Francois [holding answer 18 July 2013]: The information is not held in the format requested. The Clinical Commissioning Groups, run by general practitioners, are responsible for the local health care of veterans once they have left service, but there is limited data on NHS treatment of veterans.
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The Ministry of Defence statistics on serving personnel show that the number of those who have seen active service in Iraq or Afghanistan, and have suffered an injury that was classified as a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) between 1 January 2003 and 30 June 2013 was 686. This includes all levels of TBI—mild, moderate and severe—and this also covers post concussion syndrome. As of 1 June 2013, 285 of those service personnel were no longer serving.
Nick de Bois: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many creditors to his Department owed more than £10,000 remained unpaid for more than (a) 30 days, (b) 45 days, (c) 60 days, (d) 75 days and (e) more than 90 days in each of the last three years. 
Mr Dunne: The number of invoices for over £10,000 remaining unpaid by the Ministry of Defence after more than 30 days is shown in the table. The delays in settling invoices are normally due to the incorrect presentation of bills.
|Invoices paid after:|
|Financial year||30 days||45 days||60 days||75 days||90 days|
The Department is a signatory to the Prompt Payment Code and in each of the past three financial years has achieved 100% payment, or close to 100% payment, of correctly submitted invoices within 30 days. In 2012-13, 92% of correctly submitted invoices were paid within five days.
Joint Strike Fighter Aircraft
Angus Robertson: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what (a) current and (b) future armaments in the UK inventory will be able to be used in the Joint Strike Fighter’s (i) internal weapons bays and (ii) external pylons. 
Advanced Short Range Air-to-Air Missile (ASRAAM);
Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM);
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is under assessment. Ship-borne Rolling Vertical Landing is also being developed as an additional manoeuvre to maximise the number of unexpended weapons that the F-35B is able to recover to the Queen Elizabeth Class Carrier.
Paul Flynn: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 19 June 2013, Official Report, column 719W on HMS Tireless, on how many occasions radioactive emissions were vented to the atmosphere from nuclear powered submarines at Devonport Dockyard in each of the last five years; what quantity of radioactivity and which radionuclides were emitted in such fashion in each of the last three years; what the permitted levels of discharge are under such circumstances; and which regulatory agency sets such limits. 
I undertook to write to you in answer to your parliamentary question of 2 July 2013, Official Report, column 602W, about radioactive emissions that were vented to the atmosphere from nuclear powered submarines at Devonport Dockyard.
Due to the nature of the maintenance work conducted within the dockyard, the reactor compartment of each submarine undergoing maintenance is considered to be an aerial discharge point (a location where venting into the atmosphere outside the submarine may take place) when relevant work is being conducted.
The quantity of radioactivity discharged is monitored, but the discharge is treated as continuous and is not accounted for as individual discharges. These are accounted for in terms of “collective days”, each of which is a day where there is a discharge into the atmosphere from one submarine. Discharges from multiple submarines on one calendar day would therefore be recorded as multiple collective days.
The total number of collective days in the last five years is as follows:
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There are no specific limits for discharges into the atmosphere from submarines, but annual limits for discharges into the atmosphere from the dockyard as a whole are set by the Environment Agency. These are shown in the following table, measured in Megabecquerels (MBq), the standard unit for measuring radioactivity:
|Radionuclide||Annual limit (MBq)|
|Other Beta/Gamma emitters||0.3|
The total quantities of radioactivity discharged to the atmosphere from submarines in the dockyard in the last three years are as follows:
|Total radioactivity discharged (MBq)|
The figure for 2012 comprises 0.02 MBq of routine discharges and 5.26 MBq of discharges resulting from testing of a new reactor core, which is why the figure is higher than for previous years.
I should like to add that the discharge from HMS Tireless is not included in the tables above, as this took place at Her Majesty’s Naval Base Devonport, not the dockyard. This was the only such discharge at the Naval Base in the last five years; the quantity of radioactivity released has been confirmed as being less than the 50 MBq limit set by the Defence Nuclear Safety Regulator.
Consistent with my answer on the coolant leak of 14 May 2013, Official Report, column 153W, I am withholding details of the radiological inventory of discharges as their disclosure would, or would be likely to, prejudice the capability, effectiveness or security of the armed forces.
The chapel itself was a temporary structure while a new facility was being built at RAF Brize Norton. As such it is unconsecrated and deliberately has no fittings or accoutrements other than a commemorative plaque. The plaque will be placed in the new garden of remembrance at the Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers Museum at Lyneham.
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Mrs Moon: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many recruits were attached to each of the (a) 35 Territorial Army centres and (b) three Naval Reserve centres identified for closure in each of the last five years; how many new recruits enlisted at each such centre in each such year; and if he will make a statement. 
I undertook to write to you in answer to your parliamentary question on 12 July 2013, Official Report, column 420W, about the numbers of recruits attached to closing Reserve centres.
The roles and capabilities that our reservists will provide as part of the Future Force 2020 will be different from today and, as a consequence, the way in which we organise and train them will also have to change. This will impact on the force structure and the basing lay-down of our reserve forces.
As announced on 3 July 2013, the Army has taken the opportunity to review its basing lay-down for reserve units to reflect this structural change, optimise recruitment, and facilitate effective integration and training between paired regular and reserve units. As a result, 35 Territorial Army Centres (TACs) will be vacated.
Information on the number of Army reserve personnel recruits attached to, and new recruits enlisted at, each of these centres in each of the last five years is not held in the format requested. However, information on the approximate personnel strength for each of the centres is provided as follows:
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On the subject of the three Naval Reserve establishments, I can confirm that they are not closing, but relocating to other nearby sites. Individuals currently attending these establishments will be transferring to the new locations and will not be lost to the strength.
I hope this information is helpful.
Reserve Forces: Cardiff
Stephen Doughty: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to his answer of 12 July 2013, Official Report, column 420W, on reserve forces: Cardiff, whether the HMS Cambria facility will remain at its current location bordering Sully and Barry. 
Mr Robathan: HMS Cambria is currently planned to remain in its present location until 2016 when it will move to a new site in Cardiff. A naval presence will however remain in Barry for the foreseeable future, although it is too early to define what this will be.
Reserve Forces: Wales
Mrs Moon: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what the name is of each reserve force base of each service in Wales; how many reservists attend each such base regularly; and if he will make a statement. 
Mr Robathan: Detailed in the following tables are the names of each reserve force base in Wales, the total number of reservists at each base or group of bases and the number of reservists which attend each base or group of bases regularly. Regular attendance figures have been determined by the number of reserve personnel who were eligible to receive their bounty within the 12 months previous to 1 April 2013.
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Mr Anderson: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many security passes issued for access to sites owned by the Ministry of Defence have been given to those not directly employed by his Department since May 2010. 
Alison Seabeck: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 15 July 2013, Official Report, column 505W, on shipbuilding, whether information regarding the future size and skills mix of the workforce would be information required by the proposed Single Source Regulations Office as part of the annual reporting process by companies. [R] 
Mr Dunne: As part of the new single source procurement framework, suppliers will be required to provide a number of reports to the Ministry of Defence and the Single Source Regulations Office. This will include information on manpower, split by equipment project, at key industrial facilities used on qualifying single source contracts; and direct and indirect manpower at each business unit where single source procurement is a significant element of that unit’s business activity.
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Ian Lavery: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence (1) what assessment he has made of the potential cost to the public purse of the decision to sell two of the roll-on-roll-off vessels procured under the Strategic Sealift Service private finance initiative in 2002; 
(2) on what date the decision was made to sell two of the roll-on-roll-off vessels procured under the Strategic Sealift Service private finance initiative in 2002; and what recent discussions of this decision he has had with representatives of Foreland Shipping; 
(4) what estimate has been made of the cost to the public purse of the sale of the two charter vessels procured under the Strategic Sealift Service private finance initiative in 2002; and for what period funds for maintenance of these vessels have been budgeted. 
Mr Dunne: The movement of cargo by sea is primarily provided through the private finance initiative (PFI) strategic sealift service. The review of the Ministry of Defence’s (MOD) strategic sealift requirement, in autumn 2011, concluded that better value for money would be achieved if the number of vessels contracted as part of this PFI was reduced from six to four. This reduction became effective on 27 April 2012 following detailed discussions between MOD officials and representatives of Foreland Shipping.
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in part, on the sale of the two redundant vessels. The MOD will receive a percentage of the sale receipts from Foreland Shipping.
Type 26 Frigates
Mr Dunne: The Type 26 Global Combat Ship programme is currently in its Assessment Phase. As is the standard practice with equipment projects, the build programme will not be set until the main investment decision has been taken, expected around the middle of this decade.
Chris Ruane: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he will make it his policy to ensure that all answers provided by his Department containing tables of statistical data which would not require more than four pages in the Official Report are published in full rather than by reference to a hyperlink. 
Mr Francois: I refer the hon. Member to the answer given by the Leader of the House of Commons, the right hon. Member for South Cambridgeshire (Mr Lansley), on 12 February 2013, Official Report, column 649W, to the hon. Member for West Bromwich East (Mr Watson).
Mr Robathan: The right to claim asylum is unrelated to our Intimidation Policy. Intimidation claims are considered on a case by case basis. In the most extreme cases there is the possibility of resettlement in the UK.
Any asylum claim made in the UK will be considered on its individual merits and protection offered to those who are at genuine risk of serious harm in their country of origin. The Government does not record previous occupations when processing asylum claims and as a result, we do not hold statistics on how many Afghan interpreters have applied for asylum while in the UK.
Mr David Davis: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence (1) how many Afghan interpreters who have worked with the Army in the last 10 years would be eligible for asylum in the UK should his Department’s policy change to include those who have worked for the Army for 30 months prior to December 2012; 
Mr Robathan: Under the refugee convention, asylum cannot be applied for while individuals remain in their country of origin. Any asylum claim made in the UK will be considered on its individual merits and protection will be offered to those who are found to be at genuine risk of serious harm in their country of origin. It is therefore not possible to accurately estimate how many Afghans who have previously worked for the UK armed forces might apply for asylum in the UK in the future, and subsequently be found in need of protection.
The scheme announced by the Secretary of State for Defence, my right hon. Friend the Member for Runnymede and Weybridge (Mr Hammond), on 4 June 2013, Official Report, column 88WS is not about asylum. It is a generous redundancy scheme for local staff employed in Afghanistan. Qualification for this scheme is limited to those staff who were in post, working directly for Her Majesty’s Government, on 19 December 2012 (when the Prime Minister announced the drawdown of UK forces), and who have served more than 12 months
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when they are made redundant. Of these, we estimate around 600 individuals in the most dangerous and challenging jobs, including in posts alongside the Army, will be eligible for resettlement to the UK. However, information on local staff is not held in a format that would allow reliable estimates of the numbers who might be eligible if the criteria included alternative or additional criteria of a qualifying period of 30 months service, or service that ended before 19 December 2012: The scheme has been put in place to support these individuals who lose their employment as a result of UK drawdown in Afghanistan and the Government recognises that this does not include staff who left employment before this date.
Separately, our existing intimidation policy will remain in place for all local staff regardless of the nature, date and duration of their employment. This is designed to assist any who find that their immediate safety or that of their family is under real threat as a result of their service. Intimidation is considered on an individual basis and in the most extreme cases there is the possibility of resettlement in the UK.
Mr David Davis: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what criteria are used in the current intimidation policy for Afghan interpreters working with the Army to enable them to relocate within Afghanistan. 
Mr Robathan: Our Intimidation Policy covers all locally employed staff, including interpreters, regardless of the nature, date and duration of their employment. The policy is designed to assist those locally employed staff whose safety or that of their family is under real threat as a direct result of their service. Intimidation is considered on an individual basis. In the most serious, and extreme cases, there is the possibility of resettlement within Afghanistan or to the UK.
Claims of intimidation are investigated by a locally employed staff welfare team which works with embassy security staff and other agencies, as appropriate, to establish how best to protect staff. In exceptional cases, where the relevant welfare team judges there to be a significant and imminent threat to the safety of the LE staff member and/or their family that can not be resolved through any other means, the welfare team will relocate the individual and their family within Afghanistan. If they want to relocate outside Afghanistan they are free to do so, but any financial support from HMG will be based on the cost of relocation within Afghanistan.
Mr Robathan: No personnel from 51 Squadron will be deployed to Afghanistan to support US operations using the Rivet Joint aircraft. However, 51 Squadron personnel routinely deploy and fly missions on US Rivet Joint aircraft in support of Operation HERRICK as part of an ongoing co-operative engagement programme with the US.
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Armed Forces Parliamentary Scheme
Mr Jim Murphy: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence (1) when each Minister in his Department has met the Chairman of the Armed Forces Parliamentary Scheme since May 2010; and what issues were discussed at each such meeting; 
Dr Murrison: The Armed Forces Parliamentary Scheme (AFPS) has offered parliamentarians a useful insight into the work and lives of our armed forces for more than 25 years, and the governance framework recently agreed with AFPS stakeholders (Mr Speaker, the Lord Speaker, the. Secretary of State for Defence and the Commercial Sponsors) provides the basis to ensure the scheme’s long-term sustainability.
The former Minister of State for the Armed Forces, my hon. Friend the Member for North Devon (Sir Nick Harvey), and I have facilitated the review of the governance, transparency and accountability of the scheme and have addressed the delivery of the improvements identified. This included meetings or telephone calls with the AFPS Chairman on the following occasions:
30 November 2010
10 May 2012
23 October 2012
25 October 2012
1 February 2013
6 February 2013
7 February 2013
25 March 2013
14 May 2013
6 June 2013
5 July 2013
11 July 2013
My noble Friend the Under-Secretary of State for Defence (Lord Astor of Hever) and my predecessor, my hon. Friend the Member for Aldershot (Sir Gerald Howarth), dined with the AFPS Chairman on 15 June 2010 and 28 September 2011, respectively.
In addition, Ministry of Defence Ministers have regularly attended events intended to promote the AFPS and mark its success, including graduation dinners, annual reunion receptions, and briefings for new recruits.
Armed Forces: Carbon Emissions
Mr Francois: The Ministry of Defence (including the armed forces) is working towards reducing its carbon emissions. We are on track to meet the Greening Government Target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 25% by March 2015.
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Armed Forces: Deployment
Mr Robathan: There are 10 UK officers on exchange with the United States in the Combined Air Operations Centre in Al Udeid. These consist of a range of grades from junior officers up to a single Air Commodore position. These roles support the command and control of coalition air operations, principally over Afghanistan and the Persian Gulf.
Armed Forces: Lone Parents
Mr Francois: The armed forces aim to support service personnel in meeting their parental responsibilities, whether they are single or not. However, the information is not held in the format requested.
Armed Forces: Sexual Offences
Mrs Moon: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 10 July 2013, Official Report, column 266W, on armed forces: sexual offences, what sanctions against a perpetrator are available to a commanding officer following the conclusion of an investigation of an offence under sections 3, 66, 67 and 71 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003; and if he will make a statement. 
Mrs Moon: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 10 July 2013, Official Report, column 266W, on armed forces: sexual offences, what guidance is given to a commanding officer on the conduct of investigations of an offence under sections 3, 66, 67 and 71 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003; and if he will make a statement. 
Mr Francois: Commanding Officers have access to several avenues of counsel when conducting investigations into any offence under the law, civil or military, including those offences under sections 3, 66, 67 and 71 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003. In the first instance guidance is provided in Annex F to Volume 1, Chapter 6 of Joint Service Publication (JSP) 830, The Manual of Service Law, when read in conjunction with Chapter 11. A copy of the JSP is available in the Library of the House and may also be found at the following link:
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Angus Robertson: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence (1) if he will estimate the (a) number of payments and (b) cost to the public purse of key industrial capability notices issued to BAE systems under the terms of the 2009 Terms of Business Agreement; 
(2) on how many occasions BAE systems has written to his Department to notify it of a (a) key industrial capability trigger event and (b) key industrial capability notice under the terms of the 2009 Terms of Business Agreement since June 2012. 
Mr Francois: There are 60 UK service personnel based in Gibraltar who have bank accounts with Barclays Bank, but not with a branch of Barclays Gibraltar. However, there are some 24 members of the Gibraltar Regiment who are account holders with Barclays Gibraltar.
Military Aircraft: Helicopters
Mr Dunne: The main investment decision for Crowsnest is scheduled for late 2017, though we are investigating whether we can accelerate the project. As this decision has not yet been taken it would be inappropriate to provide a firm estimate of total cost.
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Mr Robathan: Since 2002 a total of 40 missions have taken place over the UK. There were 24 quota missions conducted by: Russia—20; Ukraine—three; and Sweden—one. There were 16 training flights conducted by: Benelux (joint with Estonia); Estonia (joint with Benelux); Georgia—three (one joint with Sweden); Sweden—three (one joint with Georgia); USA—three; Latvia; Lithuania; Romania; Slovenia; and Yugoslavia.
Mr Robathan: The Royal Navy maintains a strong relationship with NATO, including through the NATO Maritime Headquarters, based in the United Kingdom, which is permanently commanded by a Royal Navy Vice-Admiral.
Angus Robertson: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence which NATO member states have sent maritime patrol aircraft to (a) RAF Lossiemouth and (b) RAF Leuchars since December 2012; which aircraft were sent; and what the purpose was of their visit. 
Mr Robathan: The United States, Canada, France and Norway have sent maritime patrol aircraft to RAF Lossiemouth and RAF Leuchars since December 2012 as part of joint exercises. The aircraft sent include P-3C Orion, CP-140 Aurora, and Atlantique 2.
Angus Robertson: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what requests the UK has made to other NATO member states to provide maritime patrol aircraft to patrol UK waters in order to detect submarines since March 2010. 
Mr Robathan: The Ministry of Defence cannot disclose the total number of requests for Maritime Patrol Aircraft (MPA) as the release of this information would, or would be likely to, prejudice the capability, effectiveness or security of the armed forces.
However, NATO and other allies MPA have participated in nine separate training exercises since March 2010. These include the Joint Warrior series of maritime focussed exercises that are held twice yearly and two other UK led anti-submarine warfare exercises held in November 2010 and June 2013 respectively.
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Reserve Forces: Cardiff
Mrs Moon: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence (1) what budget is allocated for the (a) Royal Naval Reserve HMS Cambria and (b) proposed additional reserve unit in Cardiff; and if he will make a statement; 
(2) how many sites are being considered for the proposed additional reserve unit in Cardiff; whether the site will be (a) rented and (b) purchased; and what budget has been allocated for a site to be (i) rented and (ii) purchased. 
Mr Robathan: The Navy Command Maritime Reserves team is scoping potential options for a new Royal Naval Reserve site in Cardiff. The details of the site occupancy arrangements will not be known until an option is chosen.
Reserve Forces: Pay
Mr Francois: The independent Armed Forces Pay Review Body makes recommendations about pay and allowances. It will continue to do so, taking account, as now, of the overall reservists’ remuneration package. The recent White Paper on Reserves (Reserves in the Future Force 2020: Valuable and Valued Cm 8655) outlined the intent for the cap to be reviewed, this work is ongoing.
Unmanned Air Vehicles
Mr Watson: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what evaluation his Department has made of the level of sound emitted by unmanned aerial vehicles and the effect such sounds have on communities living in areas where they are used. [R] 
It is Ministry of Defence policy to mitigate, as far as is reasonably practicable, the effects of environmental noise that its activities produce. Unmanned aerial vehicles are intrinsically less noisy than most types of military aircraft.
Mr Watson: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 12 June 2013, Official Report, column 327W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, if he will place a copy of the Reaper Agreement in the Library. [R] 
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Dan Jarvis: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what recent estimate he has made of the number of armed forces veterans who have committed suicide in the last five years; and if he will make a statement. 
Mr Francois: The Ministry of Defence (MOD) does not hold information on the number of suicide and open verdict deaths amongst all veterans, but data has been compiled and analysed for veterans of two campaigns, the Falklands Campaign and the 1991 Gulf Conflict.
In the last five years (2008 to 2012), there were 10 suicide and open verdict deaths among Falklands veterans. There would have been an estimated 19 suicide and open verdict deaths among Falklands veterans if they had experienced the age and gender specific mortality rates of the UK general population.
In the same period, there were 32 suicide and open verdict deaths among 1991 Gulf Conflict veterans and 30 in the Era comparison cohort (a similar sized group of veterans that did not deploy to the Gulf). There would have been an estimated 49 suicide and open verdict deaths among the Gulf Conflict veterans, and 48 in the Era cohort, if they had experienced the age and gender specific mortality rates of the UK general population.
The MOD is currently undertaking a study on veterans of Operations Telic in Iraq and Herrick in Afghanistan. This will monitor the causes of death (including suicide) of all serving members of the armed forces from 2003 (the start of operations in Iraq) until the end of operations in Afghanistan. The intention is to run the study for the lifetime of the cohort; the population will therefore include both serving and discharged personnel.
European Fighter Aircraft
Joint Strike Fighter Aircraft
Angus Robertson: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what assessment he has made of the stealth characteristics of the Joint Strike Fighter 35B when external pylons and armaments are on the aircraft. 
Mr Dunne: The F-35B is being procured as a multi-role aircraft, with the ability to operate in stealth and non-stealth modes as dictated by operational requirements. The stealth characteristics of the F-35B will be affected when external pylons and armaments are on the aircraft.
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The option of operating in a non-stealth mode with external pylons fitted allows a greater weapons payload to be carried.
Angus Robertson: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many flights the UK has made under the NATO Strategic Airlift Interim Solution since January 2012; what the (a) total cost and (b) cost per flight has been; and which aircraft were used. 
Due to the pricing mechanism used by participating NATO countries for the SALIS arrangement it is not possible to provide the costs of individual flights, as costs are calculated on a percentage basis and are paid monthly by participating nations, regardless of the number of SALIS flights that take place.
Paul Flynn: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence (1) what duty of care his Department owes to (a) soldiers and (b)medical auxiliaries who have left military service after one or more tour of duty in Afghanistan; and what assessment he has made of the effectiveness of the delivery of this duty of care; 
Mr Francois: The Ministry of Defence (MOD) takes the health of its personnel seriously, regardless of whether serving personnel or veterans have undertaken an operational tour. We work hard to continually improve health care and have taken steps to improve awareness of care, including the implementation of Trauma Risk
4 Sep 2013 : Column 401W
Management, a team of mental health nurses in Afghanistan and the use of decompression after deployments. Veterans can access the Veterans Welfare Service which provides free, confidential and personal advice on a variety of financial, health, employment and welfare issues.
We work closely with the Department of Health and the NHS to improve the transfer of service personnel medical records on discharge. This will facilitate GPs awareness of new patients; enabling more proactive monitoring of veterans’ mental health and help them receive entitlement to priority treatment where their health problems are related to service.
Mental health services for veterans have improved through the successful implementation of all 13 recommendations contained in Dr Andrew Murrision’s 2010, “Fighting Fit” report. NHS services are complemented by our Veterans and Reserves Mental Health Programme which offers specialist mental health assessments for individuals with operational service since 1982 and Reservists with operational service since 2003. We are not, however, complacent about the support we provide to veterans.
In 2012 Lord Ashcroft was appointed as Special Representative for Veterans Transition. In this role he will provide the MOD with advice on how we can further support those leaving the armed forces. It is expected that Lord Ashcroft will produce an interim report to the Secretary of State for Defence by the end of 2013, with more comprehensive recommendations being made during 2014.
Mr Watson: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 10 June 2013, Official Report, column 5W, on Afghanistan, if he will make it his policy to engage with the review of criteria required to establish positive identification and determination of status undertaken by international forces in Afghanistan. [R] 
Mr Robathan: The Ministry of Defence has no current plans to formulate policy on reviewing the criteria required to establish positive identification and determination of status undertaken by international forces in Afghanistan. ISAF and UK forces have strict operating procedures to minimise the risk of civilian casualties, for investigating any incidents that do occur and learning the lessons from them. We remain confident that these processes remain sufficiently robust to identify and determine the status of targets and fully meet our obligations under international law.
Mr Watson: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether his Department holds information on how many occasions US pilots have flown Reapers in the launch and recovery phase in Afghanistan. [R] 
4 Sep 2013 : Column 402W
All UK sorties are launched and recovered by the United States Air Force (USAF) 62 Expeditionary Response Squadron (62 ERS). 62 ERS launch UK and US Reapers and are manned on a 24 hour basis by both UK and USAF personnel.
Mr Watson: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what information his Department holds on the recording of casualties from drone strikes in Afghanistan; and if he will place in the Library copies of any such information. [R] 
Mr Robathan: I refer the hon. Member to the answer I gave on 17 December 2012, Official Report, column 601W, and to the answer my predecessor, the hon. Member for North Devon (Sir Nick Harvey), gave to the hon. Member for Birmingham, Hall Green (Mr Godsiff) on 26 June 2012, Official Report, column 187W.
Armed Forces: Carbon Emissions
Mr Francois: The Ministry of Defence (MOD) has set itself the target of reducing the armed forces reliance on fossil fuels for equipment by 18%. The MOD is on track to achieve this by the target year of financial year 2020-21.
Steps undertaken by the MOD to reduce carbon emissions on the Defence estate include a range of energy efficiency measures such as installing heating controls, lighting controls and energy efficient lighting, insulation and building energy management systems.
The MOD has a green electricity supply to sites in the UK and Germany, and is developing renewable energy systems, alongside combined heat and power units, to provide on-site low-carbon energy supplies.
Armed Forces: Sexual Offences
Mrs Moon: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 20 May 2013, Official Report, column 495W, on armed forces: sexual offences, (1) what options are available to a commanding officer where they receive allegations relating to sexual offences not listed in schedule 2 to the Armed Forces Act 2006; and if he will make a statement; 
(2) what forms of redress are available to armed forces personnel who make allegations of sexual offences not listed in schedule 2 to the Armed Forces Act 2006 if a commanding officer (a) decides not to investigate that allegation and (b) does not refer the allegation to the service police; and if he will make a statement. 
4 Sep 2013 : Column 403W
Armed Forces: Travel
Caroline Dinenage: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence (1) if he will estimate the potential cost savings of allowing service personnel to travel from Gosport to Portsmouth for work by ferry rather than car; 
(2) whether his Department plans to extend the provision of travel expenses to service personnel who choose to commute to work from Gosport to Portsmouth using the Gosport Ferry instead of travelling by car; 
Service personnel may travel from Gosport to Portsmouth by any means of transport they choose but there are at present no plans to revisit this decision to remove reimbursement of the Gosport Ferry costs from the Department’s travel regulations. To do so would not result in any savings as the cost to the Department of the concession under the home to duty travel allowance for personnel to claim for travel on the Gosport Ferry is some £20 more expensive per claim per month than the payment of the allowance for car drivers.
Information on home to duty expenses is not held to the level of detail required to establish the annual costs requested. To identify journey details or mode of transport would require scrutiny of individual records and this information could be provided only at disproportionate cost.
Armoured Fighting Vehicles
Angus Robertson: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence (1) if he will estimate the value of the (a) Challenger, (b)Warrior, (c) Bulldog, (d) Stormer, (e) Snatch 2 Land Rover, (f) RWMIK Land Rover, (g) Vector, (h) Viking BVS10, (i) Mastiff, (j)Panther, (k) Foxhound, (l) Husky, (m) Warthog, (n) Wolfhound, (o) Scimitar, (p) Spartan, (q) Jackal and (r) Coyote vehicle fleets; and how large each such fleet is; 
(2) if he will estimate the value of the (a) Land Rover battlefield ambulance, (b) M3, (c) Titan armoured bridge launcher, (d)Challenger armoured repair and recovery vehicle, (e) BR90 bridge vehicle, (f) Terrier, (g) Trojan, (h) Python, (i) heavy equipment transporter, (j) Demountable rack offload and pickup system and (k) all-terrain mobility platform vehicle fleets; and how large each such fleet is. 
Mr Dunne: The current value of each equipment fleet is shown in the table. The values reflect the Net Book Value (NBV) of the fleet; they do not include future deliveries or assets in the course of construction, or associated munition costs. NBV is calculated by adding the cost of any historic major upgrades to the original capital cost of each asset and deducting depreciation to reflect the decrease in value of an asset over time.
The values quoted bear no relation to the replacement costs of the assets and capabilities, nor can they be used to calculate an accurate NBV per piece of equipment. NBVs have not been provided for the Foxhound and
4 Sep 2013 : Column 404W
Terrier fleets, which are still being delivered, as the release of these figures would provide the means to calculate the Unit Purchase Costs. I am withholding this information as its disclosure would prejudice commercial interests.
National Employer Advisory Board
The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence (Mr Mark Francois): Following an open competition, I am pleased to advise the House of the appointment of three new members to the National Employer Advisory Board (NEAB). They are:
Mr Alun Griffiths
Mr Kevin Goodman
Mr Paul Noon
They join the other 11 members of the board, which is chaired by Mr Richard Boggis-Rolfe and which continues to provide informed independent strategic advice to Ministers, the chiefs of staff and the reserves community about how the Ministry of Defence can most effectively gain and maintain the support of and for employers of reservists for Britain’s reserve forces. I take this opportunity to thank NEAB for its work which is greatly valued by the Ministry of Defence.
Caroline Lucas: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what the average time is for which UK drones have loitered over targets in Afghanistan prior to the release of a missile; what records his Department keeps of the amount of time for which UK drones fly over civilian communities; what assessment his Department has made of the potential psychological effects of loitering drones on civilian populations; and if he will make a statement. 
5 Sep 2013 : Column 480W
system (RPAS), is armed. The information requested regarding the average time UK UAS may have loitered over targets in Afghanistan prior to the release of a missile, and the time UK UAS have flown over civilian communities, is not held in the format requested. UK policy is that, as far is operationally possible, UAS should not fly over built up areas.
Mr Ivan Lewis: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether the implementations of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 and the role of women in conflict resolution and security in Afghanistan was discussed at the NATO Defence Ministers’ meeting in June 2013. 
Mr Robathan: At the Heads of Government Chicago Summit in May 2012, the North Atlantic Council (NAC) was tasked to undertake a review of the practical implications of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 for the conduct of NATO-led operations. The review was completed in May 2013. The NATO Military Authorities have taken the recommendations of the NAC report and are now working to complete a draft implementation plan by the end of September 2013, which will be discussed by NATO Defence Ministers in due course.
Mr Ivan Lewis: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what steps he is taking to ensure the security of women and girls in Afghanistan is protected (a) during and (b) after the withdrawal of military forces. 
Mr Robathan: The security of women and girls in Afghanistan will remain a priority for the UK. At the political level the UK Government is working with the Afghan Government to meet its constitutional commitments to preserve women’s rights, including making sure that the law on Elimination of Violence Against Women and the National Action Plan for the Women of Afghanistan are fully implemented. The UK supports the Afghan Ministry of Interior to ensure the police understand their role in promoting women’s rights, including protecting women’s rights defenders. We also support the Ministry’s efforts to increase the number of family response units across Afghanistan.
Caroline Lucas: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many and what proportion of drone missions undertaken by the UK in Afghanistan in each year resulted in the release of a missile. 
Mr Robathan: UK forces in Afghanistan operate unmanned aircraft systems to provide Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition and Reconnaissance (ISTAR), with Hermes 450, Desert Hawk III, T-Hawk, Black Hornet and Reaper systems. Reaper is the only armed system; the following table demonstrates that the majority of flights are also wholly in the ISTAR role, with only a small proportion resulting in one or more weapons being fired.
5 Sep 2013 : Column 481W
Caroline Lucas: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the oral answer of 2 September 2013, Official Report,column 19, on what date it was considered that the sodium fluoride and potassium fluoride could be precursors in some other application; what these applications were considered to be; for what reason that consideration was not given before those export licences were issued; and if he will make a statement. 
The two standard individual export licences for sodium fluoride and potassium fluoride were revoked following a revision to the sanctions regime which came into force in June 2012. The revision introduced new prohibitions on certain chemicals, including sodium fluoride and potassium fluoride. In these cases the chemicals were to be used for metal finishing of aluminium showers and windows. There was no evidence at the time of granting the licences—and there has been no evidence subsequently—to suggest that the end-use was anything other than stated. Our system of export controls is robust, responsive and effective in protecting our interests and upholding the highest international standards.
Military Bases: Germany
There are currently 14,560 armed forces personnel in Army bases in Germany, which is expected to reduce to 12,480 by December 2014 and 6,800 by December 2015. This number will remain broadly consistent until the last major formation, 20 Armoured Brigade, begins its withdrawal towards the end of the decade.
6 Sep 2013 : Column 544W
A Squadron which operate Griffin helicopters to provide search and rescue for the Sovereign Base Areas and Republic of Cyprus;
The Cyprus Operational Support Unit which is responsible for managing the transit of military goods and personnel to and from operations in Afghanistan.
Separately, a number of military units have also conducted routine training at RAF Akrotiri in the past 12 months. The full list of military units, together with their deployment dates, is not held centrally and could be provided only at disproportionate cost.
Six Typhoon fast jets in the air defence role.
Two Tri-Star air-to-air refuelling aircraft; one Tri-Star returned to the UK on 4 September 2013.
One E3D Sentry Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS) Command and Control aircraft.
A Type 101 Radar to increase air surveillance coverage in the region.
Mr Kevan Jones: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how much his Department has spent on the education of the children of armed forces personnel based at RAF Akrotiri, Cyprus, in each year since 2010. 
|Financial year||Amount (£ million)|
Children of secondary school age living at RAF Akrotiri attend school in Episkopi. It would not be possible in the time available to extract the data required to determine the costs incurred for secondary school pupils whose parents are based at RAF Akrotiri.
Angus Robertson: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence which NATO member states have sent (a) maritime patrol aircraft and (b) high altitude surveillance aircraft to RAF Akrotiri since June 2013; which aircraft were sent; and what the purposes were of their visits. 
6 Sep 2013 : Column 545W
Mr Robathan: No NATO member states have sent maritime patrol aircraft or high altitude surveillance aircraft to RAF Akrotiri since June 2013; however, an Italian Air Force Gulfstream G3 surveillance aircraft was deployed to RAF Akrotiri from 15 June until 15 July 2013 in support of UN operations in Lebanon.
Chi Onwurah: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what (a) current and (b) former units within the Territorial Army have had expertise in signals and cyber/electronic warfare; and from which locations such units were recruited. 
In addition, the following Reserve signals elements formed part of the Territorial Army and remain in the Army Reserves order of battle. These elements recruit nationally and will continue to do so. They are fully integrated into Regular Army regiments or Joint (tri-service) organisations as shown:
6 Sep 2013 : Column 546W
Armed Forces Parliamentary Scheme
9 Sep 2013 : Column 614W
(3) when his Department took the decision to reorganise the Armed Forces Parliamentary Scheme; whether all the Scheme’s stakeholders were consulted before that decision; and what recommendations on the future of the Scheme were received from stakeholders; 
Dr Murrison: I refer the hon. Member to the answers I gave on 2 September 2013, Official Report, column 49W to the right hon. Member for East Renfrewshire (Mr Murphy), and on 2 September 2013, Official Report, column 37W to my hon. Friend the Member for North Wiltshire (Mr Gray).
The decision to convert the Armed Forces Parliamentary Scheme (AFPS) to a charity was agreed unanimously by all AFPS stakeholders (Mr Speaker, the Lord Speaker, myself on behalf of the Secretary of State for Defence, the commercial sponsors, and Sir Neil Thorne (as founder)) on 25 October 2012. This was informed by a review which consulted widely and considered a range of future governance options.
This decision will ensure the Scheme’s long-term sustainability and provide the transparent and accountable governance structure expected of organisations with access to parliamentarians and the Ministry of Defence who are also supported by commercial sponsors.
Sir Alan Meale: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how much has been spent by (a) his Department, (b) sponsoring organisations and (c) other contributors on promoting the Armed Forces Parliamentary Scheme in the last 25 years; and what assessment he has made of the value for money of the scheme. 
Dr Murrison: The Ministry of Defence contributes to the Armed Forces Parliamentary Scheme through its programme of briefings and embedded visits for members. Detailed records of this contribution over 25 years are not held centrally and could be provided only at disproportionate cost; however, it is the longstanding view of Ministers and Service Chiefs that the modest investment in personnel resources required is justified by the benefits of the scheme.
Sir Alan Meale: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence on what date his Department decided to request that the Armed Forces Parliamentary Scheme be taken under the umbrella of the Industry and Parliament Trust; for what reasons that request was made; and why that decision was subsequently changed. 
Dr Murrison: Amalgamation with the Industry and Parliament Trust was one of the governance options considered by Armed Forces Parliamentary Scheme stakeholders on 25 October 2012 but the stakeholders agreed that it was not a viable option.
9 Sep 2013 : Column 615W
Alison Seabeck: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence with reference to the contribution of the Parliamentary Under Secretary of State of 16 July 2013, Official Report, column 1015, for what reasons the identity of the domain to go first when a Government-Owned Contractor-Operated Organisation is established has not yet been made public. 
Mr Dunne: This information has already been made public. In the event of a decision to proceed with a GoCo for Defence Equipment and Support (DE&S), the Maritime domain will be included in the first stage along with the Common Resource Platform which includes elements of the finance, human resources and commercial functions across DE&S. This information has been promulgated through internal MOD communications, through the Invitation to Negotiate that was provided to bidding consortia and through the media.
Alison Seabeck: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether cross-Government approvals were received prior to the invitation to negotiate specific to the proposal for a Government-Owned Contractor-Operated Organisation which was published on 24 July 2013. 
Mr Dunne: Cross-Government approvals were received prior to the publication of the Invitation to Negotiate on 24 July 2013. The Ministry of Defence will continue to work with colleagues across Government throughout the remainder of the programme.
Angus Robertson: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what assets and how many personnel took part in Exercise Brilliant Arrow 2013; and what the cost to the public purse was of this exercise. 
Dr Murrison: The RAF has deployed approximately 70 personnel and one Sentry E-3D to Oerland Air Base in Norway for two weeks. The additional cost specific to undertaking this exercise was some £40,000.
Angus Robertson: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what assets and how many personnel will take part in Exercise Steadfast Jazz 2013; and what estimate he has made of the cost to the public purse of this exercise. 
Dr Murrison: While UK contributions to Exercise Steadfast Jazz have not been finalised, and are subject to wider planning considerations, it is likely that the UK will provide two naval vessels. As the exercise has not yet taken place, we are not yet able to confirm the additional costs of our contribution.
Mr Thomas: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what estimate he has made of the extra total revenue his Department will receive as a result of the increase in civilian commercial movements at RAF Northolt over the next three years. 
9 Sep 2013 : Column 616W
Mr Dunne: The estimated extra revenue the Ministry of Defence will receive as a result of the increase in civilian commercial movements at RAF Northolt over the next three years is approximately £8 million. This figure is based on full utilization of the additional movements available and does not take account of any additional costs that RAF Northolt may incur.
Mr Thomas: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence (1) if he will publish an impact assessment of the decision to increase the number of civilian commercial movements at RAF Northolt over the next three years; and if he will make a statement; 
(2) what assessment he has made of the potential increase in pollution as a result of the increase in civilian commercial movements at RAF Northolt over the next three years; and if he will make a statement. 
Mr Dunne: The impact of the decision to increase the number of civilian commercial movements at RAF Northolt was addressed in an open letter published on RAF Northolt’s website on 29 April 2013. A copy of the letter will be placed in the Library of the House.
As the proposed increase in the number of civilian commercial movements is within existing limits no new assessment of the potential increase in pollution was undertaken. A full environmental noise survey was conducted in 1996; ad hoc assessments have been carried out during the intervening period and a further environmental noise survey is planned later this year.
Mr Blunt: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many new Army reservists were recruited in the first quarter of 2013-14; what recruitment target was set for that period; how many Army reservists are expected to be recruited in 2013-14; and how many reservists need to be recruited in each of the next five years to meet the Army’s current manning targets. 
Mr Francois: In order to meet the requirements set out under Army 2020 the Army’s structure is changing and manning is in a period of transition with strength reflecting the planned drawdown. Immediate measures have been put in place to deliver a step change in Army reserve recruiting.
It will take time to accurately measure the growth in reserve forces following the announcement of 3 July 2013, Official Report, column 932, but the Secretary of State for Defence, my right hon. Friend the Member for Runnymede and Weybridge (Mr Hammond) has said the Government remains committed to keeping the House updated through the publication of both recruitment figures and trained strength figures as the Army reserve moves forward.
9 Sep 2013 : Column 617W
I refer the right hon. Member to the answer I gave to the hon. Member for Dunfermline and West Fife (Thomas Docherty), the hon. Member for North Durham (Mr Jones) and the hon. Member for Barrow and Furness (John Woodcock) on 2 September 2013, Official Report, column 6W.
Rehman Chishti: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 15 July 2013, Official Report, column 506W, on USA, what information his Department holds on such casualties. 
Mr Robathan: The Ministry of Defence only holds information on deaths to UK armed forces personnel which occurred while in-service. From 1 January 2003 to 6 September 2013, there were eight confirmed cases where UK armed forces personnel have died as a result of US armed forces air strikes confirmed through the outcome of a coroner’s inquest. Five occurred as a result of operations in Afghanistan and three as a result of operations in Iraq.
Mr Robathan: Between 11 May 2013 and 2 September 2013, there were 33 weapon releases from UK Reaper Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS). All weapon releases were authorised by qualified pilots using the same rules of engagement that our manned aircraft operate by.
Armed Forces Parliamentary Scheme
10 Sep 2013 : Column 668W
I had the opportunity to discuss the scheme with the right hon. Member for East Renfrewshire (Mr Murphy), on 8 July 2013 by telephone and informally in the House on 2 September 2013, and have advised him of developments in answer to written parliamentary questions on 2 September 2013, Official Report, column 49W.
Sir Alan Meale: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence (1) how many (a) hon. Members, (b) Members of the House of Lords, (c) Members of the European Parliament and (d) other have been attached to the Armed Forces Parliamentary Scheme; 
The report was submitted to Armed Forces Parliamentary Scheme stakeholders to inform the consideration of future governance options at their meeting on 25 October 2012. This included consultation with stakeholder groups that confirmed continuing support for the objectives of the scheme.
Armed Forces: Housing
Mr Russell Brown: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how much funding was allocated for the improvement and maintenance of living accommodation in each category for the (a) RAF, (b) Royal Navy and
10 Sep 2013 : Column 669W
Army for each financial year from 2009-10; and what funding has been allocated for the next three full financial years. 
Armed Forces: Recruitment
Mr Russell Brown: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how much funding was allocated to the (a) RAF, (b) Royal Navy and (c) Army for recruitment purposes in each category of expenditure in each financial year since 2009-10. 
Dr Murrison: Capturing the cost of recruiting across the armed forces is a complex and resource-intensive task. For financial year (FY) 2010-11, when both the recruitment budget and recruitment targets were below normal levels, these calculations were not carried out. The costs for FYs 2009-10 and 2011-12 are set out in the following table. The cost of recruiting in FY 2012-13 will be available in early 2014.
With regards to recruiting into the armed forces running parallel with a redundancy programme, it is vital that all three services continue to recruit in order to maintain the right mix of trained and experienced personnel for the future and to avoid the mistakes of the past that led to critical skill shortages in some roles. As experience has shown, once active recruitment ceases, it takes at least three years of marketing to regain recruiting momentum. In addition, as the armed forces are an organisation that relies on promoting from within, there is a need to ensure that an appropriate number of new recruits are taken on to move up through the system. Maintaining the inflow of new recruits remains a priority because it is essential in ensuring that the armed forces are appropriately manned to meet the future operational demands placed upon it.
Mr Jim Murphy: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many Ministers in his Department have taken charter flights to which destinations and at what cost per flight in each of the last 12 months. 
10 Sep 2013 : Column 670W
Dr Murrison: The UK has no legally binding defence co-operation agreements with countries in the middle east. (Normally ‘agreements’ are legally binding documents, which establish rights and obligations under international law. Such agreements must be laid before Parliament and ratified before they enter into force.)
The UK does have a number of non-legally binding arrangements with middle eastern countries, including Defence Co-operation Accords with Bahrain, Qatar and UAE and memoranda of understanding concerning defence co-operation with Saudi Arabia, Oman, Kuwait and Lebanon. Bi-lateral and multi-lateral arrangements, unlike agreements, are not generally published into the public domain because their content is often unsuitable for release or they carry a security classification. Furthermore, details of individual MOUs are not normally released into the public domain without the consent of participating countries.
Military Bases: Germany
Mr Robathan: The requirement for resolution of any environmental issues relating to the estate vacated by the British Forces in Germany (BFG) is detailed in the Supplementary Agreement to the NATO Status of Forces Agreement and the Ministry of Defence is committed to adhering to this in consultation with the German authorities.
Negotiations are well under way with the German authorities for the final, one-time settlement of all financial claims arising from the release of accommodation, including those relating to pollution, the treatment of property procured from funds made available to the UK by Germany in the 40s and 50s, and the residual value of sterling-funded investments in the estate.
Mr Kevan Jones: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether his Department has given written formal notice to the German Government regarding the UK’s withdrawal of its armed forces from Germany. 
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Mr Jim Murphy: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what land in the UK is available to his Department for use in training; and on what occasions each such location has been used for those purposes in the last year. 
Dr Murrison: The Ministry of Defence has some 360,00 hectares of land available for training 365 days a year. Information on usage for each individual area is not held centrally and could be provided only at disproportionate cost.
Mr Jim Murphy: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what benefits in kind were received by the (a) Permanent Secretary of his Department, (b) the Chief of the Defence Staff, (c) the Vice Chief of the Defence Staff and (d) the Chief of Defence Materiel in 2012-13. 
Dr Murrison: Full details of the taxable benefits-in-kind received by the Permanent Secretary, the Chief of the Defence Staff, the Vice Chief of the Defence Staff and the Chief of Defence Materiel in financial year 2012-13 are set out in the table on page 75 and at paragraph 7.118 on page 76 of the Ministry of Defence Annual Report and Accounts 2012-13, a copy of which is available to view in the Vote Office.
Mr Kevan Jones: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what caseload has been held by the Directorate of Manning for(a) the Army, (b) the Royal Navy and (c) the Royal Air Force regarding the commemoration of British service personnel who died during the First and Second World Wars in each year since 2010. 
Mr Francois: The Army is in the process of introducing new arrangements to deal with such cases more efficiently. As part of this work a review is currently under way to examine in detail the current and historical caseload. This has not yet concluded, but at this stage the Army currently hold 225 outstanding cases, with a further 76 cases under discussion with the Commonwealth War Graves Commission. 567 cases have been dealt with since 2010.
10 Sep 2013 : Column 672W
David T. C. Davies: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what estimate he has made of the approximate annual cost to his Department of steps to meet its Greening Government targets by March 2015. 
Mr Russell Brown: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what financial support is currently offered to service personnel who leave the (a) Royal Navy, (b) Royal Air Force and (c) British Army; and what the total cost of that support has been in the last three years. 
Mr Francois: There are many types of financial support available to service personnel who leave the armed forces but this depends on the reason for their departure. As an example, financial support may be payable from the Armed Forces Pension Scheme (AFPS), the Armed Forces Compensation Scheme (AFCS) or the War Disablement Pension. In addition there are a variety of grants (eg Resettlement Grant). All of these operate on a tri-service basis. The total expenditure on the AFPS and AFCS for each of the last three financial years is available at the following link:
Mr Russell Brown: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what the (a) number and (b) proportion of current armed service personnel in the (i) Royal Navy, (ii) Royal Air Force and (iii) British Army who have progressed to the rank of officer, having been recruited into the lowest rank of each service is. 
11 Sep 2013 : Column 709W
|Service||As at||Number commissioned from the ranks||Proportion of officer corps (%)|
|Naval service||1 April 2013||840||14|
|Army||1 July 2013||2,610||20|
Information on the number of currently serving RAF officers, who have previously served in the other ranks (OR) could be provided only at disproportionate cost. However, since April 2010 some 40 OR have been commissioned each year, and this represents 0.14% of the annual opening OR total.
Mr Russell Brown: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he will estimate the number of (a) regular and (b) reserve forces who will leave the UK armed forces following possible changes to Scotland’s constitutional status after 2014; and what the size of each branch of the armed forces will be in that event. 
Dr Murrison: The UK Government is not planning for Scottish independence and cannot pre-negotiate the details of independence ahead of the referendum. We are confident that the people of Scotland will continue to support remaining within the UK.
Armoured Fighting Vehicles
Mr Dunne: I refer the hon. Member to the answer given by the Minister for the Armed Forces, my right hon. Friend the Member for South Leicestershire (Mr Robathan), on 16 July 2013, Official Report, column 649W.
Gordon Banks: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what assessment he has made of the effects of overseas postings on the parenting responsibilities and liabilities for Child Support Agency payments of absent parents in the armed forces. 
Dr Murrison: The Ministry of Defence (MOD) has a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to facilitate the direct deduction of child maintenance payments from pay of non-resident parents who are service personnel.
Where a parent asks the Child Support Agency (CSA) to help to obtain appropriate child support from a non-resident parent who is a service person, the MOD will assist the CSA in engaging with that service person. The MOD will implement any deduction from earnings request submitted by the CSA.
The only exception is when the service person is in an operational zone. Under the terms of the MOU, if a service person is committed to operations the commanding officer may delay any engagement with the CSA until
11 Sep 2013 : Column 710W
such time as the non-resident parent is in a position to consider any papers that the CSA may send them and respond appropriately.
Conditions of Employment
Chris Ruane: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many staff (a) directly employed and (b) indirectly employed through other companies by his Department were employed on zero-hours contracts in each of the last 10 years. 
Dr Murrison: The Ministry of Defence does not employ people on zero hours contracts. The terms of employment for individuals indirectly employed through other companies are a matter between the individual and their parent company.
Mr Arbuthnot: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence on what days and at which locations the October 2013 Exercise Joint Warrior is expected to take place; which nations are expected to take part in that exercise; what overseas visitors are currently expected to observe the exercise and on which days; and if he will make a statement. 
Mr Philip Hammond [holding answer 9 September 2013]: Joint Warrior 13-2 will take place from 6-17 October 2013 in the seas around the east and west coast of Scotland from the Firth of Forth to Clyde approaches; on the Defence training estate of Tain, Spadeadam and Cape Wrath; and in the air space of northern England and Scotland. The nations participating are the UK, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, New Zealand, Norway and USA.
Mr Russell Brown: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what savings, in each category of expenditure, his Department has made since May 2010; and what savings are forecast over the next five years. 
Mr Philip Hammond [holding answer 10 September 2013]: As a result of the changes to policy and financial plans announced in and around the 2010 Strategic Defence and Security Review, the Department implemented savings of £74 billion over its 10-year programme, as presented in the following table:
|Equipment and equipment support||36.8|
|Reductions in front line military personnel||8.8|
|Non front line reductions (including civilian personnel)||14.6|
11 Sep 2013 : Column 711W
|Other running costs and changes in assumptions||12.0|
During the 2013 spending round, the Ministry of Defence committed to £875 million of further operating costs efficiency savings in 2015-16. These savings will be delivered from contract renegotiations, the centralised procurement of common goods and services, pay restraint, and reductions in the cost of the Department’s civilian headcount and allowances.
Reserve Forces: Recruitment
|Financial year (FY)||Total spend (£ million)|
|2013-14 to date||5.1|
We are committed to growing the Army Reserve. In July, we set our new offer to potential Reservists and employers with increased incentives and enhanced training opportunities alongside Regulars in the UK and abroad. The way is now clear for a sustained recruitment campaign over the next 12 to 18 months, to build the numbers we need to expand the Army Reserve. Expenditure for FY 2013-14 is therefore likely to be greater than last year as we embark on that campaign, to meet the target set in Future Reserves 2020.
Dr Julian Lewis: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the Prime Minister’s oral answer of 4 September 2013, on Trident, if he will make an estimate of the additional cost to his Department of bringing forward the main gate decision on the successor submarines to before May 2015. 
Mr Philip Hammond: As my hon. Friend will be aware, major investment decisions are made when programmes are sufficiently mature in terms of design and cost estimates. For the successor submarine we expect this point, the Main Gate decision point, to be in 2016. Making investment decisions and placing contracts when projects are not sufficiently mature is likely to lead to cost growth and time delays. However, it is not possible, for any individual project, to estimate with any degree of accuracy what those costs and delays might be, precisely because the programme is not yet sufficiently mature.
Armed Forces Parliamentary Scheme
Mr Russell Brown: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence which companies financed the Armed Forces Parliamentary Scheme in each of the last five years; and how much was contributed by each. 
Dr Murrison: It is understood that the Armed Forces Parliamentary Scheme (AFPS) has received financial support from BAE Systems, Rolls Royce, Agusta Westland and Capgemini but information on the sums provided is not held by the Ministry of Defence. The future generation of commercial sponsorship will be a matter for the AFPS Board of Trustees.
Armed Forces: Cadets
Mr Russell Brown: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many new entry officer cadets there were at (a)Dartmouth, (b) Royal Military Support Sandhurst and (c) Cranwell in (i) 2011 and (ii) 2012. 
Dr Murrison: The officer training establishments continue to provide our armed forces with junior officers of extremely high quality, enabling the services to look forward with confidence. The figures requested are set out in the following table:
|Britannia Royal Naval College Dartmouth||288||279|
|Royal Military Academy Sandhurst||682||593|
|RAF College Cranwell||174||199|
Armed Forces: Pay
Dr Murrison: There are a number of different rates of Recruitment and Retention Payment (RRP) (Flying) which are paid dependent on rank, seniority and specialisation. The criteria applied have been adapted to meet the specific needs of the Royal Navy, Royal Marines, Army and the Royal Air Force and therefore vary across the three services and within certain cadres of service personnel. The rates of RRP (Flying) are recommended annually by the independent Armed Forces’ Pay Review Body (AFPRB) and the current levels can be found at pages 69-70 of the 2013 AFPRB Report, copies of which are available in the Vote Office and at the following link:
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Armoured Fighting Vehicles
Mr Russell Brown: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many combat vehicles which were (a) purchased and (b)hired by his Department since 2010 were manufactured in (i) the UK, (ii) another EU member state and (iii) a non-EU country; and how much his Department spent on each such vehicle. 
Mr Dunne [holding answer 9 September 2013]:115 Warthog vehicles including front and rear cab have been purchased by the Ministry of Defence (MOD). The base vehicles were manufactured in Singapore by Singapore Technologies Kinetics and UK specific equipment was fitted to the vehicles by Thales in Wales. The approved cost of the procurement programme was approximately £180 million.
While not defined as combat vehicles, the MOD has purchased protected vehicles such as 376 Foxhound and 60 Terrier since the beginning of 2010. Both of these vehicles were designed and manufactured in the UK. The Foxhound has an approved cost of £510 million and 330 vehicles were delivered before 6 September 2013. The Terrier project has an approved cost of £365 million and 24 vehicles have been delivered to date.
Alison Seabeck: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether the companies which tendered for the GoCo will be the subject of scrutiny and consideration by the Government’s cross-departmental review. 
Mr Dunne [holding answer 10 September 2013]: The cross-departmental review is assessing GoCo competition. Each of the bidders involved has already been through a pre-qualification process. As we progress towards a decision between a GoCo and a public sector solution we will continue to scrutinise closely both individual consortia members and the market more widely.
Mr Robathan: Total investment expenditure in RAF Akrotiri is not recorded separately but the estimated expenditure on infrastructure projects at RAF Akrotiri in each full financial year since 2010 is set out in the following table:
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|Financial year||Total expenditure (€)|
|Note: All figures have been rounded to the nearest thousand euros.|
Available details of spending on primary medical services and infrastructure associated with the provision of medical services at RAF Akrotiri in each full financial year since 2010 are shown in the following table:
|Financial year||Total infrastructure costs (€)||Running costs (€)||Medication costs (£)|
Running and infrastructure costs are shown in euros and medication costs are shown in pound sterling. It is not possible to convert these costs to one currency as exchange rates will have varied over each financial year. Figures have been rounded to the nearest hundred.
Infrastructure costs include estimated costs for hard and soft facilities management and project costs. Running costs include military and civilian staff costs, the costs of retained services, such as chiropody, ophthalmic and paediatric services, professional training costs for civilian staff, individual protective equipment, travel costs, stationery costs and vehicle hire costs.
Reserve Forces: Cardiff
Mrs Moon: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 2 September 2013, Official Report, column 43W, on reserve forces: Cardiff, what budget has been allocated for HMS Cambria for each of the last five years; and if he will make a statement. 
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Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
Mr Watson: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence (1) pursuant to the answer of 2 September 2013, Official Report, column 53W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, if he will publish the evaluations undertaken on the noise made by this technology; [R] 
Mr Watson: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 2 September 2013, Official Report, column 53W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, if he will place in the Library a current copy of the Reaper Agreement; and when a new such agreement is expected. [R] 
Mr Robathan: The Reaper agreement comprises a number of arrangements including a memorandum of understanding (MOU) between the UK and the US and operating procedures developed for the UK Reaper Squadrons, in conjunction with the US Air Force. I will place a copy of the original MOU, which was signed in 2008 by the previous Government, in the Library of the House.
The MOU is being reviewed with the US and will encompass operating procedures put in place since the formation of UK Reaper Force Squadrons. Although no formal timescale has been set, we currently expect agreement in late 2013.
Mr Watson: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what agreements and procedures the Government has put in place with that of the US to ensure the legality of any activity undertaken by the United States Visiting Forces based in the UK. [R] 
Mr Robathan: There are a number of long standing agreements and procedures that govern the use of UK bases by the United States Visiting Forces (USVF), and these continue to ensure that the UK Government are fully satisfied as to the propriety of the activities undertaken by the USVF.
DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER
Mr Kevan Jones: To ask the Deputy Prime Minister pursuant to the oral contribution of the Secretary of State for Defence of 2 September 2013, Official Report, column 5, on the Trident Alternatives Review and the written answer of the Chief Secretary to the Treasury of 2 July 2013, Official Report, column 6W, on Trident, if he will provide details of the cost of the Trident Alternatives Review to the public purse in terms of (a) cost and (b) officials’ time. 
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Unsolicited Mail at Christmas
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the Ministry of Defence (MOD) will be running in the lead up to Christmas (which is 103 days from 13 September 2013).
This Government are dedicated to the care and welfare of the men and women of our armed forces, particularly those deployed on operations, which is reflected in the comprehensive deployed welfare package. A key part of that package is ensuring the timely delivery of free personal mail from family and friends. In the past the general public has shown their support by sending unsolicited goodwill parcels. This has resulted in huge volumes of mail, which have overwhelmed the system and have prevented mail from families from getting through. British Forces Post Office (BFPO) estimates that, in the eight-week period between mid-October and mid-December, the volume of mail in the logistic system increases by 65%. The amount of unsolicited mail entering the BFPO system can impact on personal mail, causing severe delays, and can increase pressure on essential in-theatre resources.
It is for these reasons that the MOD will be repeating its campaign to discourage unsolicited mail. Its success in recent years has reduced the volume of unsolicited mail significantly. Key to the success of this campaign is encouraging the British public to show their support, in other ways, through one of the recognised MOD service charities. Service personnel on operations over Christmas will receive a seasonal gift box from the charity, “uk4u Thanks!”. This charity works closely with the MOD, using free space in the existing supply chain to deliver the boxes well before Christmas, without impacting on the normal mail system.
I recognise that it might seem counter-intuitive to ask the British public not to send parcels to troops at Christmas, but to avoid the impact of unsolicited mail and to help prioritise mail to service personnel from their families I ask for full support in directing the public towards MOD recognised charities.
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence (Mr Philip Dunne): Following my written ministerial statement on 17 December 2012, Official Report, column 71WS, I can confirm to the House that the Ministry of Defence (MOD) is preparing to release radio spectrum to the communications regulator, Ofcom, who will then conduct the process.
The MOD believes that this option provides the best route to release much needed spectrum to the commercial market. The spectrum will be able to provide additional capacity for fourth-generation mobile networks, help expand wireless access to broadband services and aid future innovations in mobile technology, all of which will make significant contributions to UK economic growth.
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Medical Implications of Less Lethal Weapons
The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence (Mr Mark Francois): I am today announcing the start of the triennial review of the Scientific Advisory Committee on the medical implications of less lethal weapons (SACMILL). Triennial reviews are part of the Government’s commitment to ensuring that non-departmental public bodies continue to have regular independent challenge.
Less lethal weapons are those whose design and intention is to control and then neutralise a threat without substantial risk of serious or permanent injury or death. Such devices include baton rounds and the laser. The review will examine whether there is a continuing need for SACMILL’s function and its form and whether it should continue to exist at arm’s length from Government. Should the review conclude there is a continuing need for the body, it will go on to examine whether the body’s control and governance arrangements continue to meet the recognised principles of good corporate governance. I will inform the House of the outcome of the review when it is completed.
Dr Murrison: The Ministry of Defence reviews the cyber threats to sensitive information held by the Department regularly. We ensure that such threats are considered fully in the design and use of information systems. Information on the steps we take to secure our systems and to prevent access by unauthorised users is being withheld for the purpose of safeguarding national security.
Mr Russell Brown: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how much his Department has spent with each company which has indicated an interest in the Government-owned, Contractor-operated entity, in each year since 2008. 
Mr Dunne [holding answer 9 September 2013]:Two consortia are competing to run a potential Government Owned Contractor Operated entity for the future management and operation of Defence Equipment and Support. The companies comprising each consortium are:
CH2M Hill, Atkins and Serco; and
Bechtel with PwC and PA Consulting.
Since January 2011, as part of this Government’s commitment to increase transparency, central Government Departments have been required to publish information on the contracts they award on the Contracts Finder. This information is available online at
|Expenditure (£ million)|
|Financial year||CH2M Hill||Atkins||Serco||Bechtel||PwC||PA Consulting|
These figures include expenditure by MOD Trading Funds, but do not include payments which may have been made on behalf of other Government Departments, by the MOD’s Executive non-departmental public bodies that lie outside the MOD’s accounting boundary, locally by the Department through third parties such as prime contractors or other Government Departments and in relation to collaborative projects where the payments are made through international procurement agencies or overseas Governments. Payments made by Government Procurement Card are also not included.
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Mr Philip Hammond: I refer the hon. Member to the answer given by the then Minister for Defence Equipment, Support and Technology, my hon. Friend the Member for Mid Worcestershire (Peter Luff), on 23 June 2011, Official Report, column 382W, to my hon. Friend the Member for Windsor (Adam Afriyie).
Mr Dunne: The Strategic Defence and Security Review published on 19 October 2010 emphasised that the US remains the UK’s primary strategic collaborator. We are currently strengthening our collaborative engagement with the US by increasing the proportion of our research programme undertaken on a collaborative basis in a number of key areas.
The UK/US Defence Trade Cooperation Treaty was brought into force in 2012 to facilitate closer UK/US cooperation, including between our industries. The Treaty simplifies transfer arrangements between the US and UK for certain categories of technology, when destined for UK and US Government end-use, and seeks to improve interoperability and the delivery of capability to our armed forces.
Reserve Forces: West Sussex
Nicholas Soames: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what reserve force facilities there are for each service in West Sussex; how many reservists attend each such base regularly; and if he will make a statement. 
Dr Murrison [holding answer 10 September 2013]:Detailed in the following table are the names of each reserve force base in West Sussex, the total number of reservists recorded against this group of bases and the number which attend regularly. Regular attendance figures have been determined by the number of reserve personnel who were eligible to receive their bounty within the 12 months previous to 1 July 2013.
|Army Volunteer Reserve|
|Base||Location||Total at base||In regular attendance|
|Baker Barracks||Thorney Island||250||150|
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Army Volunteer Reserve figures are for trained and untrained Army Reserve including Groups A, B, C and therefore include Mobilised Army Reserve, Officer Training Corps and Non Regular Permanent Staff. They exclude Full Time Reserve Service, Regulars and Gurkhas.
The number of Army Volunteer Reserves shown includes Reserves who may attend bases located throughout the UK, but are recorded against bases in West Sussex because that is where the Unit Headquarters is based.
Director of Service Prosecutions
The Secretary of State for Defence (Mr Philip Hammond): Under section 364 of the Armed Forces Act 2006 the Director of Service Prosecutions is appointed by Her Majesty the Queen. The term of the current incumbent, Bruce Houlder QC, comes to an end on 30 November.
I can inform the House that Her Majesty has appointed Andrew Cayley QC to succeed Mr Houlder as Director of Service Prosecutions. Mr Cayley is a former British Army officer who was until recently the International Co-prosecutor of the Khmer Rouge Tribunal in Cambodia, nominated by the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
I should also like to take this opportunity to pay tribute to Mr Houlder. As the first Director of Service Prosecutions he faced the significant and challenging task of creating a single organisation—the Service Prosecuting Authority (SPA)—from the three single-service prosecuting authorities. Mr Houlder, a highly respected member of the Bar, has demonstrated, through his commitment and professionalism, that the decisions to establish an independent tri-service prosecuting authority and to appoint a civilian to lead it were the right ones. Under his leadership, the SPA has become securely established as a respected independent prosecution service, underpinning the operational effectiveness of the armed
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forces, and instilling continued confidence in the service justice system. As he hands over his responsibilities to Mr Cayley, I would like to express my personal gratitude for the important contribution he has made, including his agreement to stay in post for some extra months to ensure a smooth handover to his successor.
“Scotland Analysis: Defence”
The Secretary of State for Defence (Mr Philip Hammond): The UK Government have today published the sixth paper in its Scotland analysis programme, “Scotland analysis: Defence”. This series of publications is designed to inform the debate on Scotland’s future within the United Kingdom ahead of next year’s referendum.
The “Scotland analysis: Defence” paper analyses the UK’s approach to defence and the potential consequences of Scottish independence. From a defence perspective, the arguments for Scotland remaining in the UK are extremely strong. As part of the UK, Scotland benefits from a very high level of security and protection provided through the UK’s integrated defence capabilities and network of international defence alliances and relationships, as well as from the opportunities for industry available through the UK’s single, domestic defence market. An independent Scottish state could not come close to replicating these benefits.
Scotland benefits from the full range of UK defence capabilities and activities. These defend UK airspace, patrol the surrounding seas and help to protect everyone in the UK against both natural and man-made threats. Scotland also benefits from the UK’s extensive defence engagement overseas to project influence and help to safeguard and establish peace and security in countries affected by conflict or instability, maintain competitive advantage and tackle security threats before they reach the UK.
In the event of a vote for independence, an independent Scottish state would lose the benefits of one of the largest defence budgets in the world and of an integrated approach to defence that currently protects all parts of the UK, while offering significant economies of scale, as well as contributing to conflict prevention and resolution, and to humanitarian operations overseas. The start-up costs and complexity of establishing separate defence capabilities for an independent Scottish state would be very significant, and would need to be factored into the Scottish Government’s budget estimates.
The UK’s defence is rooted in a strong network of international alliances and relationships, underpinned by the reputation and effectiveness of the UK armed forces, which means the UK is able to exercise significant global influence to advance its security and prosperity objectives.
In a globalised world, an independent Scottish state would have to start from scratch, as a new and much smaller state, in forming alliances, building relationships and forging its reputation. It would cease to enjoy the influence that derives from the UK’s established status as a key player within the international system, and the opportunities this offers to advance the UK’s security and prosperity objectives.
The substantial defence industrial footprint in Scotland benefits from UK defence contracts, in particular the shipbuilding industry. The scale of UK defence helps to sustain defence industry in the UK and its success in the
8 Oct 2013 : Column 11WS
exports market. The sustainability of the defence industry in an independent Scottish state could be a cause for considerable concern, as it would no longer be eligible for contracts that the continuing UK chose to place or compete domestically for national security reasons, and would lose the support to exports provided by the UK’s extensive international defence engagement and the reputational benefits of affiliation with the UK’s armed forces in the highly competitive global market.
Future papers from the Scotland analysis programme will be published over the course of 2013 and 2014 to ensure that people in Scotland have access to the facts and information ahead of the referendum.
Armed Forces: Domestic Violence
Mrs Moon: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether domestic homicide reviews are carried out by military police in relation to UK garrisons based overseas; and if he will make a statement. 
Mr Francois: Domestic homicide reviews (DHRs) were introduced on a statutory basis by the Home Office in April 2011. The Ministry of Defence is not listed as one of the statutory bodies to whom the provision of DHRs apply.
A search of records held by the Service Police Crime Bureau did not identify any cases involving domestic violence-related deaths in overseas garrisons over the last 10 years. However, should such a tragedy occur, the Chain of Command would have available to it the means to conduct an appropriate investigation.
Armed Forces: Housing
Mr Russell Brown: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how much funding was allocated for the improvement and maintenance of living accommodation in each category for the (a) RAF, (b) Royal Navy and (c) Army for each financial year from 2009-10; and what funding has been allocated for the next three full financial years. 
I undertook to write to you in answer to your Parliamentary Question of 10 September 2013 (Official Report, column 668-669W) on how much funding was allocated for the improvement and maintenance of living accommodation, both Service Family Accommodation (SFA) and Single Living Accommodation (SLA).
Accommodation is managed on a Tri-Service basis and is not split by individual service. Expenditure in the UK is shown in the following table:
Expenditure on new properties is not included in the figures given above.
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Armed Forces: Sexual Offences
Mrs Moon: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether UK defence contractors supplying personnel for use in UK defence bases abroad are prohibited from including in the contracts of those deployed in theatre a clause denying the right to report sexual offences; and if he will make a statement. 
Mrs Moon: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence (1) how many sexual violence perpetrator programmes are available to(a) Royal Navy, (b) Army and (c) Royal Air Force personnel; where each such programme is made available; and if he will make a statement; 
(2) how many places are available on his Department’s domestic violence perpetrator programmes; what the length is of each such programme; how many participants failed to conclude each of the programmes in the last five years; and if he will make a statement. 
Mr Francois: The tri-Service Military Corrective Training Centre (MCTC) in Colchester has a range of offender programmes designed to address detainees’ offender attitudes, thinking and behaviour. These include the newly introduced Domestic Abuse programme delivered by Essex Probation Services. The MCTC does not provide specific sex offender treatment programmes, primarily because detainees generally serve short sentences and are not sentenced for offences which would warrant this type of intervention.
When a service person based in the UK is ordered by a civil court to attend a rehabilitation programme, commanding officers will ensure that the individual is not prevented through their military duties from complying with the order. Any serious impact on the military duties of the individual which result from such an order being imposed is considered during the service’s administrative process that follows court proceedings, and an employment decision is made accordingly. Where appropriate, the service police and welfare services will liaise with Home Office police forces and the Probation Service to assist in the offender management process.
Alison Seabeck: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence when he has met Ministers in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office to discuss support for and management of UK defence exports in the last year. 
Nick de Bois: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence further to the answer of 2 September 2013, Official Report, column 39W, on billing, how much was owed by the outstanding creditors listed in that answer. 
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The MOD ran a major initiative during 2012-13 to convert defence suppliers to a new electronic Purchase2Payment bill paying system. The higher figure in 2012-13 reflects a higher number of incorrectly submitted invoices. We are working with suppliers to help them adapt to the new, more cost-efficient payment process. In 2012-13, 92% of correctly submitted invoices were paid within five days.
|London properties||Freehold/Leasehold||Square metres|
|Old War Office||Freehold||22,926|
Mr Weir: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what assessment he has made of the expenditure on office refurbishment by (a) his Department and (b) his Department’s non-departmental public bodies in each year since 2010-11. 
Mr Weir: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what assessment he has made of the number of office relocations made by staff of (a) his Department and (b) his Department’s non-departmental public bodies (i) within the original building and (ii) to other buildings in each year since 2009-10; what the cost of (A) removals and (B) refurbishments related to such moves has been; and on how many occasions offices refurbished by his Department in that period have been used by his Department’s staff for less than four years before a further move. 
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Alison Seabeck: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence on what timetable the Defence Cyber Protection Partnership is to report back on its findings and give recommendations on (a) information sharing, (b) development of threat derived standards and measurement framework and (c) communication and awareness in the supply chain. 
Mr Robathan: The Defence Cyber Protection Partnership is due to provide regular updates on all of these areas to the Secretary of State for Defence, my right hon. Friend the Member for Runnymede and Weybridge (Mr Hammond), throughout the programme. The next update is due in November. Public announcements will be made as the programme matures.
Mr Robathan: The Defence Cyber Protection Partnership currently includes the Ministry of Defence, Government Communications Headquarters, Centre for Protection of National Infrastructure, British Aerospace, BT, CGI Logica, Cassadian, General Dynamics, Hewlett Packard, Lockheed Martin, QinetiQ, Raytheon UK, Rolls-Royce, Selex ES (part of Finmeccanica), Thales UK, ADS (Aerospace Defence Security) and Intellect. There is an intention for more organisations to be included as work progresses.
Andrew Rosindell: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how much land area in hectares is owned (a) freehold and (b)leasehold by his Department in (i) Akrotiri Sovereign Base Area and (ii) Dhekelia Sovereign Base Area. 
|Sovereign base area||Freehold—hectares||Leasehold—hectares|
Mr Dunne: Non-lethal force protection has been interpreted as Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), such as helmets and plates, personal load carrying equipment (including webbing, belts and pouches) and CBRN suits. The anticipated expenditure for these purchases for financial year 2014-15 is some £16 million. This does not include Concept and Assessment Phase expenditure for developing new CBRN suits.
8 Oct 2013 : Column 30W
In addition, VIRTUS, which aims to deliver an integrated helmet and torso protection solution (including face, eye, pelvic and knee protection) optimising the whole system capability for service personnel, has a budget of approximately £5 million for financial year 2014-15.
Alison Seabeck: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether his Department has commissioned any outside reviews of the proposed new GoCo from (a) Deloitte, (b) Ernst and Young, (c) PricewaterhouseCoopers and (d) KPMG; and if he will place a copy of such advice in the Library. 
Disclosure of Information
Dr Julian Lewis: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence for what reason the defence journalist and military historian Sir Max Hastings has been refused, by Ministers, requests made for him to be briefed by serving uniformed Ministry of Defence personnel; whether this decision is part of a wider policy of not giving permission for such briefings to be given extends to (a)all journalists or (b) only particular journalists; whether the policy also applies to briefing by his Department’s staff to hon. Members; and if he will make a statement. 
Mr Robathan [holding answer 5 September 2013]: As set out in long-standing Defence Instruction and Notices (DINs), senior officers and senior civil servants in the MOD are required to seek prior approval to communicate in public including contact with journalists and other media representatives. The same system applies to briefings to hon. Members; this principle was applied by previous Governments. These procedures have been put in place to ensure that national, operational and personal security is upheld, and that standards of political impartiality and public accountability are met at all times.
Decisions to authorise such meetings, briefings and speeches are made on a case-by-case basis, on the advice of the MOD’s Directorate of Media and Communication, in consideration of the topics to be discussed, the aim of the engagement and its potential benefits to the Department. The MOD regularly holds media briefings on a wide range of defence topics to which journalists are invited.
Requests for private lunches or dinners with senior officers or senior civil servants are highly unusual and would not normally be agreed. In the interests of transparency I am placing a copy of the current DIN in the Library of the House.
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Mr Francois: I responded to the hon. Member on 18 June 2013. However, he chased up his letter on 25 June 2013 as he did not appear to have received my reply and a further copy of my letter was emailed to the hon. Member’s office on 28 June 2013. A further letter has now been sent to his office.